Jim Crow as a Form of Racialized Social Control
Hello and welcome to Lesson 4 of the Teach Tolerance Lesson Plan for the New Jim Crow. Michelle Alexander was inspired to write The New Jim Crow while working as a civil rights lawyer at the ACLU, and you can read her interview with Teaching Tolerance : A Conversation with Michelle Alexander . Teach Tolerance’s mission is to Discover and develop world-class materials with a community of educators committed to diversity, equity and justice.
- How did racial caste reinvent itself after Emancipation?
- How did Jim Crow function as a mechanism of racialized social control?
- How did racial hierarchy adapt and persist after desegregation?
Tier II and III Vocabulary
- Disenfranchise – deprive (someone) of the right to vote
- Dismantle – to break apart a machine or structure to pieces
- Disproportionate – too large or too small in comparison with something else
- Equilibrium – a state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced
- Explicit – stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
- Exploitation – the action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work
- Migration – movement from one part of something to another
- Miscegenation – the interbreeding of people considered to be of different racial types
- Ostracism – exclusion from a society or group
- Repression – the action of subduing someone or something by force
- Subjugation – To bring under control, especially by military force; conquer.
Exercise 1: A lesson series that follows the history of the vote—from a time when only land-owning white men had the right through the 20th century struggle to achieve universal suffrage.
Teaching Tolerance Staff. “Expanding Voting Rights.” Teaching Tolerance. http://www.tolerance.org/lesson/expanding-voting-rights.
Exercise 2: Before we get started into the guided reading consider the last two lessons and our last guided reading. In your head , or if you want to write it down and later participate in the comments – complete the following prompts “Something I know … ,” “Something I believe … ” and “Something I wonder … ” about each of the following (totaling nine responses):
- the 13th Amendment
- Jim Crow
- Brown v. Board of Education
Chapter 1, Part 2
Exercise 1 : This lesson focuses on a subsection of Chapter 1, “The Rebirth of Caste,” in which Alexander discusses Jim Crow as a form of racialized social control. Excerpt here : “Jim Crow as a Form of Racialized Social Control” , while we are reading consider the following…
- Describe white resistance to Reconstruction and the search by white elites for a new racial order after slavery in your own words in your head or on a notepad.
- How Jim Crow functioned as a racial caste system?
- How Jim Crow segregation was dismantled?
- What are some predictions, grounded in the text, about how white elites established a new racial order after the civil rights movement?
Guided Reading : Lesson 4
Guided Reading Critical Thinking Questions: https://www.tolerance.org/print/86581/print
Exercise 2: Return to your warm-up “I know … , I wonder … , I believe … ” responses and respond.
- Has anything you thought you knew changed? Explain.
- Have any of your beliefs changed? Explain.
- Were any of the things you wondered about answered? Explain.
- What new questions do you have?